Whereas many of the articles in this volume test the Transboundary Governance Capacity (TGC) framework in the context of the Laurentian Great Lakes, this article applies this framework to the Arctic. By doing so, it fills in gaps of prior scholarship on Arctic governance while also developing some of the core insights of VanNijnatten et al. After providing background on the Arctic and discussing some of the most significant transboundary institutions in the region, this article evaluates these institutions using the indicators of compliance, functional intensity, stability and resilience, and legitimacy. It concludes that the TGC framework provides keen insights into the broad mosaic that constitutes the Arctic transboundary governance system. Importantly, and perhaps paradoxically, it also suggests that an institutional framework like the TGC highlights the importance of process to complex transboundary system governance systems. That is, in transboundary regimes such as the Arctic, which have legitimacy, stability, and resiliency, yet lack hard law and strong functional intensity mechanisms, a way to strengthen governance is through a process that brings these institutions to the table in a strategic manner.

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International Journal of Water Governance

Kathryn Bryk Friedman. (2016). Institutions and Transboundary Governance Capacity (TGC) in the Arctic: Insights From the TGC Framework. International Journal of Water Governance, 2016(4:8), 133–154. doi:10.7564/15-IJWG88