Building transboundary water governance capacity for non-point pollution: a comparison of Australia and North America
International Journal of Water Governance , Volume 2016 - Issue 4 p. 111- 132
This paper uses the transboundary governance capacity framework (TGC) to compare responses to nonpoint pollution in the Great Lakes and transboundary water basins in North America and Australia. A step-wise approach to comparative water studies refines our understanding transboundary water governance institutions, their design and performance. Using a set of case studies that move from similar to different geographic contexts, this comparative approaches explores the opportunities and limits for mutual learning; it draws on a set of institutional indicators developed for the TGC framework to assess governance capacity within and across different geographic contexts. Governance capacity for nonpoint pollution has been uneven in the Great Lakes with pockets of success linked to high levels of multiple indicators. Capacity depends on legitimacy crafted through multi-layered participatory decision-making processes, buttressed by formal conflict resolution and the availability of regulatory mechanisms for third party enforcement if incentives and participation prove insufficient. In the Columbia, Colorado and Murray-Darling Basins ‘issue linkages’ have been used to remedy deficits in governance capacity by drawing from other water-related challenges, such as fisheries and water scarcity, where governance capacity exists. In all cases, transboundary governance capacity has required attention to ‘process values’ – that is the procedures used to come to decisions and implement nonpoint pollution programs. Future research should examine the how attributes of transboundary governance capacity evolve in relation to environmental quality indicators; it should also identify finer grained measures of the indicators to ensure external validity and enable comparisons within and across case studies.
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|International Journal of Water Governance, Regular issue (Volume 4)|
Dustin Garrick, Gail Krantzberg, & Savitri Jetoo. (2016). Building transboundary water governance capacity for non-point pollution: a comparison of Australia and North America. Regular issue, 2016(4), 111–132.